Green Cabbage Kimchi (양배추 김치 Yangbaechoo Kimchi)

Korean cabbage Kimchi ( 양배추 김치 Yangbaechoo Kimchi)
Korean cabbage Kimchi ( 양배추 김치 Yangbaechoo Kimchi)

Ok.I have a confession to make. I have not made kimchi at home since my honeymoon days. Partly because I was too busy attending graduate school and raising a baby. But mainly because of one experience.

Since my husband and I were both students, we had to save money whenever we could. And there were many student friends who were in the same boat. One early Saturday morning,  a very active neighbor/Korean ajooma (married women) friend knocked at the door. Without asking, she decided that she would help me save money by buying a whole box of napa cabbage between the two of us to make kimchi. So she just dropped a 1/2 box of cabbages at my door. I said it was too much and she told me that this was a great deal and did not want to hear anything else.

Now, I was 3 months pregnant at the time. After I was done making so much kimchi (I think it was about 12 cabbages) I had pain in my stomach that evening. I was so worried that it might be something serious. Luckily, I was fine the next day. But, ‘never again’, I told myself -‘ this kimchi making is just too much work.’

But recently,  I have been wanting to make Kimchi at home because they taste just so much better when it’s made at home. And when we decided to move to Korea, I realized it would be a great opportunity for me to learn the fine art of making Kimchi from my mother-in-law. She makes one of the best Kimchi I have ever tasted. It’s not too spicy or salty but just right.It tastes fresh but also has a deep and complex flavor in the background.

As the Kimjang(김장) [see my No Crazy Kimchi post for more info] season is just around the corner, I am really looking forward to making some real authentic kimchi with her very soon.

In the mean time, I will start my kimchi posts with a somewhat unconventional Kimchi that my mother-in-law will probably never make – Cabbage Kimchi.

Cabbage (the regular kind used to make cole slaw) kimchi appeared pretty recently in the Korean food scene, probably because many Koreans who lived outside of Korea could not get any authentic Korean Cabbage (Celery Cabbage is the exact but Napa Cabbage is very close).  I first tasted cabbage kimchi in 1976 when when we moved to India. With no access to any kind of Korean vegetable, the only vegetable we could get was the good old cabbage. I actually did not like it as a kid. I thought it only made me miss the real Korean kimchi more. But now, I actually like it and enjoy it. There’s a lightness in flavor to it that makes it go better with some foods than regular kimchi which can sometimes overpower other dishes.

Making Cabbage kimchi is also pretty easy so I think it is a great one to start with if you have never made Kimchi before.




Servings: 10                Prep Time: 1 hr             Cooking Time: 5 min                   Difficulty: Medium


  • 1 head of Cabbage (approx. 2 lb)
  • 2-3 green onions
  • 1 small bunch Korean (Chinese) chives (optional)
  • 4 T Sea Salt
  • 3 C water
  • For Yangnyum (Seasonings) :
    • 2 fresh red chili pepper
    • 1 head of garlic, peeled
    • 1 piece of fresh ginger (cherry size)
    • ½ onion
    • 4 T fish sauce + 2 T (I added later because I thought my sea salt is really not as salty as some other sea salts)
    • 1 T sugar
    • 2 T dried red chili powder (adjust to taste)


  1. Cut cabbage into halves and cut out the core.
Cut cabbage in half and cut the core
Cut cabbage in half and cut the core

2. Cut into 1 to 1.5 in width pieces -> into squares.

cut cabbage into squares
cut cabbage into squares

3. Rinse cabbage and drain.

4. Salt the cabbage by mixing it with salt water.

  1. Mix 3 C water and 3 T sea salt.
  2. In a large bowl, put half of the cabbage and add the salt water.
  3. Sprinkle 1 T sea salt on top of the cabbage.

    cabbage in salt water
    cabbage in salt water
  4. Add remaining cabbage and toss.
  5. Let the cabbage sit in salt water for 1 hour. Tossing  2-3 times to make sure the salt water reaches the cabbages evenly.
  6. In the mean time, prepare the kimchi yangnyum (seasoning) by finely chopping garlic, onion, red pepper and ginger in a chopper.  * If using a blender (as in my pic), add 4 T fish sauce because it will not chop without additional liquid.
    garlic, ginger, onion and red chili pepper
    garlic, ginger, onion and red chili pepper
    yangnyum in blender (don't blend/chop too much)
    yangnyum in blender (don’t blend/chop too much)

    When chopping the yangnyum, don’t kill it and make it into a smoothie :) . Stop when the you can still see each piece. Add 1 T sugar and 2 T dried red chili powder (고추가루 gochookaroo) and mix. Taste it.  Add more or less red chili powder to your taste. It should taste quite spicy, salty and pungent. Don’t worry because this will be blended with the cabbage and the taste will get smoother with fermentation. You can also add more sugar if you like. But adding more sugar will make the kimchi sour faster.

  7. Wash and clean green onions and chives. Cut green onions and chives into similar length pieces (2 in or so) and set aside.
    cleaned green onions and chives
    cleaned green onions and chives

    cut green onions and chives
    cut green onions and chives
  8. In about 1 hour, check the cabbage to see if it is ready. Except for very thick pieces, it should easily bend like so –

    testing if cabbage is fully salted
    testing if cabbage is fully salted
  9. Rinse and drain cabbage.
  10. In a large bowl, add the cabbage, yangnyum, green onions and chives.

    kimchi ready to be mixed
    kimchi ready to be mixed
  11. Wear plastic gloves (or your hand will be smelling of kimchi all day) and mix everything together really well. Mix things lightly – trying not to damage the vegetables.
  12. Finally, taste the freshly mixed kimchi. It should taste very fresh but still pretty good. In my case, the cabbages were not salty enough (depending on the type of salt and cabbage, it comes out a little different each time) so I added extra fish sauce – 2 T.  Unfortunately, Kimchi is not an exact science and you have to basically develop a feel for what it should taste like when it’s raw and then when it’s fully ripe and how you like the taste to be. Adjust yangnyum to taste.
  13. Put it in a container and let it ferment at room temperature for 2 days or in the refrigerator for few days. Refer to my No Crazy Kimchi post for more detailed info on fermentation.
    fresh cabbage kimchi
    fresh cabbage kimchi

    For a more traditional flavor –

  • Use 5 T Myulchi Ackjeot(멸치액젓) or 4 T Saewoojeot (새우젓) for more traditional kimchi taste. Because I wanted to make a kimchi with ingredients that you can hopefully buy from your local asian market, I used a commonly found Thai fish sauce and it turned out really good too!


  • The great thing about this kimchi is that it taste great fresh or fermented.  So enjoy it on the day you made it or few days after. But remember to avoid the Crazy stage!

22 thoughts on “Green Cabbage Kimchi (양배추 김치 Yangbaechoo Kimchi)

  1. Made this last week..yum, delicious! The first kimchi I ever tried was made of green cabbage (in a Korean/Japanese restaurant) and I used to ask the owners for an extra portion every time I went because it was so good and crunchy! When I left the area, I never found this type of kimchi again so it was really nice to make it myself and get to try it again. As much as I like the regular kimchi, I really enjoy the extra crunchiness of this one I must say.
    Thanks for the recipe!

  2. Delicious easy to make kimchi… Can’t wait to use this kind of recipe. How about adding in tablespoons of kimchi juice from previous kimchi batch? It becomes a little instant kimchi recipe since the red liquid contains probiotics, and it taste so vinegary.

    Can I replace fish sauce with soy sauce? One of my cousins has seafood allergies.

    1. I have actually never tried reusing old kimchi juice but heard about it..I should try it. I would recommend replacing fish sauce with soy sauce. Either just use good quality sea salt alone or add a little bit of stock made from sea kelp and shitake mushrooms. Let me know how it turns out! Thanks so much for stopping by!

  3. Thanks for posting this! Yours is the first recipe I’ve seen with ‘regular’ cabbage and I wish I’d found your recipe a few days ago! I had a cabbage and a ghost chili pepper from my parents’ garden and thought it’d be great to try making kimchi. Unfortunately I used a recipe that called for much too fish sauce. Yikes! It’s ok but i wouldn’t try to convert anyone to kimchi with this batch. I look forward to using your method. Any of you thinking of trying to make kimchi, I day is worth it! I’m looking forays to using JinJoo’s recipe and method.

    1. Thank you so much! Yes, next time, try my version – it will taste def. fresher. I also just posted a lettuce Kimchi recipe which actually uses NO fish sauce and I was actually surprised how good it tastes. Happy Kimchi making~

  4. Thank you for sharing this recipe! I am from Romania and I love Korean food. I was twice in Korea and wrote a lot of posts on my blog about it. I cannot find the right cabbage in my country, only this that you describe here. I looked a lot after such a recipe! Thanks again.

  5. Question, if I’m using Cayenne pepper how many Tbs would be best to use? I can’t find any peppers and only found the powder.

    1. Hi. So the fresh peppers are actually not that spicy and cayenne is known to be medium hot. If you are substituting cayenne for all then I would start with about 3 Tbs (instead of 2 T fresh chili + 2 T dried chili powder) and see how you like it. The spiciness will go down and get milder as the kimchi ripens so it will be perfect if it tastes a little spicy to you when fresh. If you don’t like things spicy, you may even want to start at 2 Tbs and go from there. Good luck!

      1. Thank you for the response!

        How you considered making a vlog? I’ve tried to do Kimchi myself twice and failed miserably, I really want to make it at least right for once. I don’t know where I’m messing up.

      2. Hi! I have been thinking about doing a video but I don’t feel comfortable appearing on camera.. lol.. maybe I’m thinking of just showing my hands.. :)) Hm…how does your Kimchi turn out? What is the problem? The taste? Bitter? or does it come out mushy? Let me know if you can.

      3. Apple is not a traditionally used ingredient in Kimchi. Although some people do – I think the green apple may be a bit too sour? Try not adding the apple and maybe some Korean pear if you have it. You can do it without adding the pear.

  6. Please, I suggest you make some. I understand you’re probably camera shy but it’s fine if your hand just appear lol I really don’t know how to explain but it just taste and smells gassy, I hope I don’t sound too ignorant. Did you fill up the jar with any additional water?

    1. Haha..sure I will def. think about it. You will have to give me feedback if I do it. :) Hmm.. it is supposed to smell and taste a bit pungent but in a good way. What kind of Kimchi did you make? I normally do try to fill up with extra liquid so that the vegetables stay wet and not dry. When making the additional liquid, add salt water and not plain water. I wonder if you are not adding enough salt? It sounds like it is going bad before it properly ripens.

  7. Hi JinJoo ssi,

    I found your website in search of green cabbage kimchi since one of my viewers asked about making kimchi with green kimchi. Your recipe looks great, so I shared it on my YouTube channel,

    I have a Korean cooking blog as well and YouTube channel with about 5200 subscribers.
    It would be wonderful to collaborate with you sometimes.


    Sun – aka Hungry Gopher

    1. Hi sun,
      Thank you for contacting me and also for letting me know about sharing my recipe. I really appreciate that. I saw your youtube channel – you are very entertaining!!
      I am open to collaboration – not sure how we would do that. Do you have any ideas? I would be very interested in hearing more..

      Please email me at jinjoofood(at)gmail and we can discuss further.
      Take care!

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